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In October 2007, the "Kitsuregawa Rehabilitation Program Center" started its operations as the first new-type prison using the PFI in eastern Japan, taking advantage of the system for special zones for structural reform.

With a basic concept of "a collaborative operation between public and private sectors" by utilizing the advantages of the government and private companies and initiatives for "coexistence in the local community," the Center aims to realize a "prison that is understood and supported by citizens" and makes efforts to rehabilitate inmates and assure that citizens can lead safe and secure lives.

Institution whole view
Institution whole viewPlaying ground
Athletic ground Gymnasium Vocational training building
Athletic groundGymnasiumVocational training building
Treatment management building Custodial buildings Inner courtyard
Treatment management buildingCustodial buildingsInner courtyard
Office buildings Martial arts training room (Kessinkan) Employees' residential complex
Office buildingsMartial arts training room (Kessinkan)Employees' residential complex


The “Private Finance Initiative (PFI)” is a method of utilizing private capital and know-how to build, maintain and operate public facilities and is expected to provide efficient and qualified public services.

Special Zones for the Structural Reform

"Special zones for the structural reform" are approved by the government based on applications by municipalities. Tochigi Prefecture, Otawara City and Sakura City recognized the significance of the Center and made an application, for a special zone to support its operation, and the applications was duly approved.

This approval as a special zone makes, the Center possible to consign part of operations that could not be consigned to a private sector before, and thus the range of PFI operations can be expanded. Operations to be outsourced by utilizing the system for special zones for structural reform include (1) monitoring of inmates, (2) storage of personal effects while in custody, (3) vocational training and (4) medical checkup.

However, Authoritative operations such as restricting rights of inmates and deciding treatment plan of inmates still can be done exclusively by prison officers.